Big Idea: The cost of compromising your faith is always too high, and will always demand more than you ever thought you’d have to pay.
I. The Depravity of the men of Sodom 1-9
A. Lot hosted the two angelic visitors in his own home 1-3
1 The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening. Lot was sitting near the gate of the city. When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them. He bowed down with his face to the ground. 2 “My lords,” he said, “please come to my house. You can wash your feet and spend the night here. Then you can go on your way early in the morning.” “No,” they answered. “We’ll spend the night in the street.” 3 But Lot wouldn’t give up. So they went with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them. He baked bread without using yeast. And they ate.
B. The men of Sodom sought to sexually assault the visitors 4-9
4 Before Lot and his guests had gone to bed, all of the men came from every part of the city of Sodom. Young and old men alike surrounded the house. 5 They called out to Lot. They said, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us. We want to have sex with them.” 6 Lot went outside to meet them. He shut the door behind him. 7 He said, “No, my friends. Don’t do such an evil thing. 8 Look, I have two daughters. No man has ever made love to them. I’ll bring them out to you now. Then do to them what you want to. But don’t do anything to these men. I’ve brought them inside so they can be safe.” 9 “Get out of our way!” the men of Sodom replied. They said, “This fellow came here as an outsider. Now he wants to act like a judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept trying to force Lot to open the door. Then they moved forward to break it down.
1. They surrounded Lot’s house 4
2. They demanded that Lot hand over his guests to be sexually assaulted. 4
3. They refused Lot’s offer of his daughters to rape, and moved to forcibly enter Lot’s house. 6-9
II. The Deliverance of Lot and his family 10-23
A. The visitors pulled Lot back into the house, and struck the mob with blindness 10-11
10 But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house. They shut the door. 11 Then they made the men who were at the door of the house blind. They blinded young and old men alike. So the men couldn’t find the door.
B. The visitors ordered Lot and his household to immediately flee the city 12-23
1. Lot’s son-in-laws thought his warning to them was a joke 12-14
12 The two men said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here? Do you have sons-in-law, sons or daughters? Does anyone else in the city belong to you? Get them out of here. 13 We are going to destroy this place. There has been a great cry to the LORD against the people of this city. So he has sent us to destroy it.” 14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law. They had promised to get married to his daughters. He said, “Hurry up! Get out of this place! The LORD is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
2. When Lot and his family hesitated to flee the city, the visitors forcibly removed them from it 15-16
15 The sun was coming up. So the angels tried to get Lot to leave. They said, “Hurry up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here. Get out! If you don’t, you will be swept away when the city is punished.” 16 Lot didn’t move right away. So the men grabbed him by the hand. They also took hold of the hands of his wife and two daughters. They led all of them safely out of the city. The LORD had mercy on them.
3. When told to flee to the mountains, Lot begged to go to a small town instead 17-23
17 As soon as the angels had brought them out, one of them spoke. He said, “Run for your lives! Don’t look back! Don’t stop anywhere in the valley! Run to the mountains! If you don’t, you will be swept away!” 18 But Lot said to them, “No, my lords! Please! 19 You have done me a big favor. You have been very kind to me by sparing my life. But I can’t run to the mountains. This horrible thing that’s going to happen will catch up with me. And then I’ll die. 20 “Look, here’s a town near enough to run to. It’s small. Let me run to it. It’s very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.” 21 The LORD said to Lot, “All right. I will also give you what you are asking for. I will not destroy the town you are talking about. 22 But run there quickly. I can’t do anything until you reach it.” The town was named Zoar. Zoar means “small.” 23 By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land.
III. The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah 24-29
A. Sodom and Gomorrah were then destroyed by the LORD 24-25
24 Then the LORD sent down burning sulfur. It came down like rain on Sodom and Gomorrah. It came from the LORD out of the sky. 25 He destroyed those cities and the whole valley. All of the people who were living in the cities were wiped out. So were the plants in the land.
B. Lot’s wife looked back, and was turned to a pillar of salt 26
26 But Lot’s wife looked back. When she did, she became a pillar made out of salt.
C. Abraham witnessed the destruction from his home in the mountains above the valley 27-28
27 Early the next morning Abraham got up. He returned to the place where he had stood in front of the LORD. 28 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and the whole valley. He saw thick smoke rising from the land. It looked like smoke from a furnace.
D. Summary: In response to Abraham’s prayer, God spared Lot from the destruction of the cities where he had lived 29
29 So when God destroyed the cities of the valley, he showed concern for Abraham. He brought Lot out safely when he destroyed the cities where Lot had lived.
IV. The Degeneracy of Lot’s Daughters 30-38
A. Afraid of remaining in the town, Lot and his daughters lived in a cave 30
1. Afraid that their family line was doomed now, the sisters plotted to become pregnant by their father 31-32
2. The sisters made their father drunk, had intercourse with him, and became pregnant 33-36
3. The sisters’ sons were the fathers of the Moabites and the Ammonites 37-38
Application: The Terrible Costs of Spiritual Compromise
1. The costs to Lot, the believer who lives to gain the riches and respect of the world.
a. Inner peace: his soul was worn down, twisted
2 Peter 2: 7 and if He rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men 8 (for by what he saw and heard that righteous man, while living among them, felt his righteous soul tormented day after day by their lawless deeds),
b. The trust of those who count on us.
c. The respect of our community.
2. The costs to Lot’s wife, the believer whose true love is for the world, not God.
a. Her life: She was killed as she fell behind, longing for Sodom
b. Her legacy: She became the symbol of a believer who remains in love with the present world more than heaven.
“Remember Lots wife” = Luke 17:28 “It was the same as happened in the days of Lot: they were eating, they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, they were planting, they were building; 29 but on the day that Lot went out from Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. 30 “It will be just the same on the day that the Son of Man is revealed. 31 “On that day, the one who is on the housetop and whose goods are in the house must not go down to take them out; and likewise the one who is in the field must not turn back. 32 “Remember Lot’s wife. 33 “Whoever seeks to keep his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life will preserve it.
3. The costs to Lot’s daughters; A tragic erosion of character and faith.
a. The immediate effect of their lack of faith in God: they were pessimistic, pragmatic, and perverted:
i. Pessimism: They could not conceive that the LORD who’d rescued them from destruction would also continue to care for them and bless them with wonderful lives.
ii. Pragmatism: Having lost all confidence that God would meet their needs in life—they decided to pursue their own selfish, immoral plans to get what they wanted.
iii. Perversion: Abusing their father, as he had intended on abusing them, they indulged in a base, damaging sin with him.
b. The lasting effect of their compromised lives: they created enemies of God’s people Israel.
i. Moabites: became a nation that often was antagonistic to Israel
ii. Ammonites: became a nation that often was antagonistic to Israel